Temporomandibular disorders (TMD)
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a common subgroup of orofacial pain disorders, often incorrectly referred to as “TMJ”. TMJ is the abbreviation used for temporomandibular joint or jaw joint. Patients may experience pain in or around the ear, jaw joint, muscle of the jaw, face, temple, head, neck, and shoulders. The pain may arise suddenly or progress over months to years with intermittent frequently and intensity. Clicking, popping, grating (crepitus), locking, limited or deviant jaw opening, and chewing difficulties are also associated with TMD.